Salim Afzal, Iftikhar Qayum, Iftikhar Ahmad, Salma Kundi


Background: Ileocecal Tuberculosis (TB) is difficult to diagnose clinically as getting histological
specimens means resorting to surgery, which is often hazardous and complicated in sick, anemic
and emaciated patients with malabsortion syndrome. The present study was undertaken as an
attempt to devise clinical criteria for diagnosis of ileocecal TB without resorting to invasive
surgery. Methodology: 52 patients with suspected ileocecal TB were assigned pre-determined
criteria based on clinical signs, symptoms and simple laboratory investigations. Criteria for
exclusion were also devised; patients were followed up for an average of 1.1 years. Clinical
response was assessed by complete resolution of symptoms and signs within 3 months.
Results: All 52 patients completed the study and all became symptom free within 3 months of
treatment. All patients gained a minimal of 2 kg over 6 weeks and 32 patients gained more than
10% of body weight within 3 months; the difference in mean weights before and after 3 months
treatment was highly significant (p<0.001). Conclusions: In patients with suspected ileocecal
tuberculosis, predetermined clinical criteria can be readily applied for early diagnosis, without
resorting to surgery and with excellent clinical response.


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