ADAPTATION AND VALIDATION OF DUNDEE POLYPROFESSIONALISM INVENTORY-1 FOR USE IN PAKISTAN

Irfan Shukr

Abstract


Department of Surgery, Army Medical College/Armed Forces Postgraduate Medical Institute, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Background: Medical colleges want academic integrity in medical students. This will require measurement of professionalism. Dundee Poly-professionalism Inventory-1 is one of the few validated tools available to measure academic integrity. The purpose was to validate the Dundee Poly-professionalism Inventory-1 for use in Pakistan. Methods: In this cross sectional study words and statements in the inventory that a majority of Pakistani students could not understand were replaced by simpler words, or sentences for better understanding of our students. Faculty reviewed the proposed sanctions for their appropriateness in the Pakistani setting. A stratified sample of 64 students, and 16 faculty members were invited to participate in the study. Results: Out of 64 students, 57 students responded (Response rate 89%). Out of 16 faculty members, 12 responded (response rate 75%).The language of 8 statements in the inventory that a majority of students could not understand was changed. 50% or more of faculty members considered that the statements in the inventory were appropriate. 9 faculty members (75%) suggested, ‘Making false entries in logbooks/signing such log books’, and 10 faculty members (83%) suggested, ‘Writing/getting signed false certificates’ should be included in the inventory. These were included in the validated questionnaire. Similarly 50% or more of faculty considered that the different types of sanctions and that the levels of sanctions were appropriate. Conclusion: In this customised form the Dundee Poly Professionalism Inventory-I can be used in Pakistan, and other South Asian countries to assess professionalism related to academic integrity.

Keywords: Academic integrity, Poly Professional Inventory, Dundee, Pakistan

Full Text:

PDF

References


McCabe, DL. Academic dishonesty in nursing schools: An empirical investigation. J Nurs Educ 2009;48:614–23.

Monica M, Ankola AV, Ashokkumar BR, Hebbal I. Attitude and tendency of cheating behaviors amongst undergraduate students in a dental institution of India. Eur J Dent Educ 2010;14(2):79-83.

Andrews KG, Smith LA, Henzi D, Demps E. Faculty and student perception of academic integrity at US and Canadian dental schools. J Dent Educ 2007;71(8):1027–9.

Shah, B. Battle against plagiarism, Dawn.com Newspaper. [Internet] 2009, July 7 [cited 2014 Jan 4] Available from: http://archives.dawn.com/archives/31426

Furry.In Pakistan, cheating in exams was never this easy. Forum Urdu Wire. [Internet] 2012, July 6 [cited 2014 Jan 4] Available from: http://forum.urduwire.com/educational-news-f50/topic4284.html

Ali, Z. Higher secondary certificate: ‘We cheat only to pass our exams’. The Express Tribune, with the International Herald Tribune. [Internet] 2011, May 30 [cited 2014 Jan 7] Available from: http://tribune.com.pk/story/178417/higher-secondary-certificate-we-cheat-only-to-pass-our-exams/

Harris, H. Cheating and Plagiarism is so common. Pakistan Today. [Internet] 2012, June 11 [cited 2014, Jan 7] Available from: http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2012/05/14/comment/editors-mail/cheating-and-plagiarism-is-so-common/

Noorilhuda. Exposing the plagiaristic practices of Pakistan’s PhDs. [Online] Newline. [Internet] 2012, August 31 [cited 2014 Jan 4] Available from: http://www.newslinemagazine.com/2012/08/exposing-the-plagiaristic-practices-of-pakistans-phds/2/

Khan, S. Pakistani doctors go on strike. Huff Post World. [Internet] 2011, August 4 [cited 2014. Jan 4] Available from: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/saad-khan/pakistani-doctors-strike_b_845470.html

Elkin K, Spittal MJ, Studdert DM. Risks of complaints and adverse disciplinary findings against international medical graduates in Victois and Western Austarlia. Med J Aus 2012;197:448–52.

Leach, B., and Donnelly, L. Revealed: 3 in 4 Britain’s danger doctors are trained abroad. The Telegraph. [Internet] 2012, December 29 [cited 2014, Jan 4] Available from:http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/9771022/Revealed-3-in-4-of-Britains-danger-doctors-are-trained-abroad.html

Roff, S., McAleer, S, Chandratilake, M., Dherwani K & Gibson, J. Developing stage-specific, consistent, reliable and valid learning, teaching and assessment method for PolyProfessionalism in the health professions. Medev Newsletter. [Internet] 2009 [cited 2014, Jan 6] Available from: http://www.medev.ac.uk/newsletter/article/267/

Roff S, Dherwani K. Development of inventory for polyprofessionalism lapses at the proto-professional stage of health professions education together with recommended responses. Med Teach 2011;33:239–43.

Roff S, Chandratilake M, McAleer S, Gibson J. Medical student rankings of proposed sanction for unprofessional behaviors related to academic integrity: results from a Scottish medical school. Scott Med J 2012;57:76–9.

Browne F, Rolfe K, Currie A, Walker T and Roff S. Establishing face and content validity of pre-registration e-learning programmes for Professionalism in Osteopathy 1 (Academic) and 2 (Clinical) for the UK. Submitted 2013

General Medical Council, UK. (2007). Medical students: professional behavior and fitness to practice. London: General Medical Council. [Internet] 2007 [cited 2014, Jan 6] Avaiablefrom http://www.gmc-uk.org/Medical_students_Professional_behaviour_and_ftp.pdf_25397487.pdf


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Contact Number: +92-992-382571

email: [jamc] [@] [ayubmed.edu.pk]